When it comes to hand woven rugs, everyone is under the assumption that since Persian rugs are so popular, the biggest rug weaving country in the world must be Iran. The rugs made in Iran are renowned not just for their cultural heritage but also for their craftsmanship and the rich finishes they have. While Iran might be the most popular country for Persian other countries have also managed to come into the limelight with the high quality rugs they produce. The following are some of the major rug weaving countries of the world.
Egyptian rugs are considered to be the most decorative oriental rugs. Their vibrant colors and the durable wool they are made out of makes them extremely tough. However, these rugs are usually found in wool and cotton materials. Many people do not know how to distinguish between Egyptian and other Oriental rugs which is why they often end up getting these.
Crafting rugs since 800 years, Turkish rugs are distinctly more vibrant and contain motifs that are similar to Persian rugs. For this reason, they are often mistaken for Persian rugs. On the other hand, not only are their rugs more durable, they are also more affordable and give the same look as a Persian rug.
The weavers in Afghanistan are renowned for their amazing weaves and the tribal patterns they incorporate into the rugs. While the political instability has made an impact on the rug industry, the rugs that are available in the market are revered for their vivid colors and the geometric patterns. They are also extremely durable and robust as well.
Oriental rugs from China can range in not only colors but also in textures too. While silk is the common medium used, woolen oriental rugs are also crafted from them. The best part about it is that their dedication to quality means that they will not craft quality products with ease. While the knotting technique was only introduced to them in the 13th Century, China has quickly learnt to mass produce high quality oriental rugs with ease.
Compared to Afghani rugs, Pakistan’s rugs are believed to superior in quality, particularly those crafted in Peshawar. While they follow a similar design pattern to Afghani and Persian rugs, they stand out due to the unique use of diamond motifs and octagonal motifs also known as butterfly prints. The colors used in these rugs usually ranges from golden, beige to more solid reds, greens and blues.
Rugs made from Nepal are often considered to be Tibetan rugs. Their high quality wool ensures that they can easily last for years. The knotting technique used in these rugs is different to the ones used in Persian rugs. The thick knots are responsible for the durability of these.
It’s difficult to pinpoint one major producer of rugs because each country has its ups and downs. Afghanistan’s political condition makes their rugs limited but they are highly valued. On the other hand, while Persian rugs are highly valued, these are also available in limited supply.